I don't have to ask what ours want.....
There are different strains of this bacteria (Brucella abortus, B suis, B melitensis, and B canis). B canis is the strain most found in dogs; the other strains are found in large animals.
Merck vet Manual: Overview of Brucellosis in Large Animals
LGDs are quite surpising; they look like they would be slow because of their size and since they spend most of their time laying around; but when one decides to give chase they can cover whole lot of ground quickly.
We've gone out in our fields and Sam (Maremma Sheepdog) was not visible only to turn around to find him standing behind us panting.
You've never heard the argument that dogs descended from wolves therefore the genetically appropriate diet for dogs is what wolves eat in the wild (today)?
This research refutes the first part of this argument.
Part of science is to apply observations found in one study to other problems. Just because this study was not about diet that doesn't mean what was found int this study cannot be applied to the subject of diet.
Another study like this also found that at the time of domestication dogs had a genetic change which allowed them to digest starch (cooked grains).
The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a starch-rich diet
I'm not willing to say human scraps are more or less healthy than scavenging carrion or the weakest (possibly sick) animal in a herd. BTW offal has more nutrients than muscle meat.
Old Dogs Teach a New Lesson About Canine Origins
This analysis was published in "Science" on the research published in "Science"
I found this result interesting.
The analysis yielded two surprises. First, most living dogs turned out to be more closely related to ancient wolves than to modern ones. "The gray wolf population that gave rise to modern dogs is most likely extinct," Thalmann says. The finding supports the results of a whole-genomes study, reported in May at The Biology of Genomes meeting in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, in which Wayne's team also concluded that modern wolves are not dogs' direct ancestors.
This means modern wolves should not be used to determine how dogs would live or what they would eat in the wild.
We had a clean-out, 20A outlet (RV plug), and silcock installed next to the RV parking pad when we built our previous house. Our current house does not have easy access to the septic system from the drive (across a drainage ditch, uphill, and at least 100' away) or the RV parking pad (about 300' away across 2 fences, several underground water lines, and a drainage ditch), the costs for building something far exceed years worth of a $5 dump fee. We'll continue to pay the $5 fee at Flying J on the way home from every trip.
My understanding is that the White Tail Deer's population has increased enormously since the European settlement of North America.We continue to create more deer habitat and we've reduced (or eliminated) deer predators so of course their population is increasing.
We've already had two weekend trips here with those temps and no problems. We don't have tank heaters and our tanks never froze; there is enough heat coming from the heated living space to keep the tank and water lines above freezing at those temps.
Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake
Nicole M. Avena, Pedro Rada, Bartley G. Hoebel
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume 32, Issue 1, 2008, Pages 20–39
and many more (45,000+) scientific research articles on sugar addition
For those who don't think the FDA/CVM has done enough testing to determine what's wrong with these jerky treats this is what they have tested thus far.
We conducted bacterial, compositional and toxicological analyses, and evaluated irradiation effects on glycerin; however, each sample did not necessarily undergo all four analyses. The specific types of tests we conducted on jerky treat products include:
• Microbiological Testing
o Bacterial culture for Salmonella
o Bacterial enterotoxin
o Mold and yeast culture
• Compositional Testing
o Physical characteristics evaluation
o Composition with glycerol content
o Vitamin D content
o DNA analysis
• Chemical Toxicology Testing
o General screens for toxic compounds: restricted list
o Metals: various heavy metals
o Glycols: diethylene glycol-DEG; ethylene glycol-EG; propylene glycol-PEG; dihydroxyacetone (DHA); and 1,3 Propanediol
o Glycerin metabolites: glycolic acid, diglycolic acid, and lactic acid
o Sugar alcohols: xylitol (added in 2013), sorbitol (added in 2013), glycerol
o Other organics: hexachlorobutadiene, paraquat, aristolochic acid, and oxalic acid (added in 2013)
o Antibiotics: gentamicin, tetracycline degradation products, sulfonamides (sulfaclozine, sulfaquinoxaline), trimethoprim, enrofloxacin, tilmicosin; several samples also tested for: sulfamethoxazole, sulfamethazine, sulfadiazine, sulfathiazole, sulfanilamide, sulfadimethoxine, sulfasoxizole, chloramphenicol, and gatifloxacin (both added in 2013)
o Drugs: monensin, quinocetone, and additional forensic drug screen (list-restricted information)
o Biogenic amines: putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, agmatine, spermidine, and spermine
Phorbol esters: Jatropha curcas toxins
o Additives/preservatives: nitrites, sulfites
o Tanning agents: tannic acid and gallic acid
o Flavoring agents: monosodium glutamate-MSG (added in 2013), malic acid, maleic acid, methyl-4-pentenoate (added in 2013), and fumaric acid (added in 2013)
o Illegal dye agents: Auramine, Bixin, Butter Yellow, Fast Garnet, Metanil Yellow, Orange II, Orange Oil SS, Para Red, Rhodamine B, Sudan Black B, Sudan I-IV G, Sudan Orange, Sudan Red 7B, Sudan Red B, Sudan Red G and Toluidine Red
• Evaluation of Jerky Treat Irradiation
o Furan analysis
o 2-dodecylcyclobutanone (2-DCB)
Source: Jerky Pet Treat Investigation
More details are available at the link (21 page document).